List of loanwords in Indonesian. The Indonesian language has absorbed many loanwords from other languages, including Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, Portuguese, Dutch, Chinese and other Austronesian languages. Indonesian differs from the Malaysian language in a number of respects, primarily due to the different influences both languages experienced and also due to the fact that majority of Indonesians speaks their native language as their first. Bahasa Indonesia function as lingua franca that unites 2. Vice versa, many words of Malay- Indonesian origin have also been borrowed into English.
Words borrowed into English (e. Still other words taken into modern English from Malay/Indonesian probably have other origins (e. The Dutch adaptation of the Malay language during colonial period had resulted significant amount of Dutch loanwords and vocabulary. The event significantly affected the original Malay language which gradually developed into the modern Indonesian language. Chronology. Examples are the early Sanskrit borrowings probably in the Srivijaya period, the borrowings from Arabic and Persian during the time of the establishment of Islam in particular, and the ones from Dutch during the colonial period. Linguistic history and cultural history are clearly linked. Indian traders may have contributed words as well, in Tamil and Sanskrit- related languages.
Indonesian has involved in trade with Chinese since ancient times and also significant of Chinese immigrants began to migrate to Indonesia, as the result some of Chinese language, especially Hokkien dialect being absorbed into Indonesian. Muslim influence, which came at first through Arabic and Persian traders, over a number of centuries results in an extensive Arabic influence and also Persian.
Tribute to kathryn kuhlman this page has many video and audio sermons please scroll down to the bottom of the page to view and listen them all. Music Download.net.in.com offers a wide range of Sites which offers Dutch Music Download, Free MP3 & Songs Download in Netherlands. We also offer unlimited MP3 and. The latest news about Opera web browsers, tech trends, internet tips. A list of films produced in Indonesia by year of release. For films released before 1950, see List of films of the Dutch East Indies. The study on Indonesian etymology and loan words reflected its historical and social context. Examples are the early Sanskrit borrowings probably in the.
Portuguese contact, trade and colonization in the 1. Indonesia and European culture, and had an influence that remains today, in spite of the relatively short time period of that influence. Dutch colonization and administration, lasting from the 1. As Dutch- trained linguists determined the rules for the official Indonesian language, Dutch thus affected the structure of the language as well. For example, suffixes such as . Some loan words are still intensively used today, although there are Indonesian equivalents of them. Modern Indonesian regularly adapts new words from other languages, particularly English.
In contrast to the large number of mechanical terms borrowed from Dutch (e. English (e. g., internet). Google Maps Software Download For Blackberry. But the processes may also be . This is similar to the type of generalization that occurs in English words like . Yet it is unclear, since Malay and Minang are closely related, and some might consider that Minang language was a precursor or old dialect of Malay language. This is mostly contributed by Java's position as the center of Indonesian politics, education, and culture, since the capital is located in Jakarta on Java island, albeit in the area where the Javanese are not the majority. The disproportionate number of Javanese that dominate the Indonesian politics is reflected by the fact that six out of seven Indonesian presidents have been ethnic Javanese.
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The result is that the Javanese began to pour their own vocabulary into Indonesian to describes terms and words that do not have exact counterparts in Malay language. It is also important to note that most of Indonesian Sanskrit loanwords are derived and conducted through Old Javanese, a language whose Sanskrit borrowings number almost 5.